Agora Object: P 42
Inventory Number:   P 42
Section Number:   Α 1356
Title:   Red Figure Cup: Type B and Inscribed
ΤΙΤΛΟΣ:   Kύλικα με παράσταση οπλίτη σε βωμό 480 π.Χ. περίπου
Category:   Pottery
Description:   Repaired from many fragments; both handles, about two-thirds of the rim and a bit of the base missing.
Interior: medallion complete except for a bit of the maeander on the left side. Double maeander broken by small squares with crosses. The scene is that of a youthful warrior pouring a libation over an altar. He wears a crested Corinthian helmet, corselet and greaves; beneath the corselet is a short chiton, and over his shoulder is draped a folded chlamys with black border. In his left hand he holds an upright spear; in his right a phiale. His shield lies behind him, turned to reveal part of the interior. The altar has a gable formed by a palmette suspended between a double volute; in the pediment, two snakes. The entablature is decorated with large black dots. The altar stands on a rectangular base.
Exterior: The best preserved side shows four figures, three of which are almost entirely preserved. The two central figures are, to the left, a bearded man, wrapped in a himation, with a staff in his left hand and a phiale in his extended right hand. Facing him is a woman with hair bound in a kerchief and wearing an Ionic chiton and a bordered himation thrown over the left shoulder. Her left arm is bent as if to hold the himation in place, her extended right holds an oinochoe from which she pours into the phiale held by the first figure. Behind her a bearded man sits upon a stool, holding his staff against his shoulder at an angle, and extending his right hand which holds a phiale, toward the woman. Behind the standing man, first described, is a fragmentary figure, moving to the left and holding a long lyre behind him. At this point the handle appears to have intervened. On the other side, of which only the lower half is preserved, are three figures, one of whom stands between two columns with a shield resting against one of them. The middle figure is that of an armed warrior holding a spear. The third figure, of which more is preserved, is that of an armed warrior advancing towards an altar, left. He is carrying a large round shield of which the lower half is preserved. Both these warriors, like the one on the medallion, wear greaves, short chiton, and folded, bordered chlamys. The altar is low with a volute band at the top.
Possibly both sides constitute a scene of the preparation and departure of warriors, with the accompanying libations.
The technique is excellent and the composition has symmetrically arranged groups, with a marked tendency to let the individual figures appear separately against the background. The figures are tall and slender with rather small heads. The style and arrangement of the figures, the details of the maeander, the armour, the drapery with borders, the stool, the lyre, the vases, and the character of the heads would seem to connect the workmanship with Douris or his school. Further, the medallion contains, above the figure, indistinct painted letters, the first of which is an open Λ (Δ), the last a <graphic> (Σ), both characteristic of the signature of Douris, the central letter, however, appears to be a Λ.
ΠΕΡΙΓΡΑΦΗ:   Ερυθρόμορφη κύλιξ του ζωγράφου της Αγοράς, με παράσταση οπλίτη μπροστά σε βωμό. Γύρω από την παράσταση διακρίνεται μετάλλιο με κόσμημα μαιάνδρου. Λείπουν θραύσματα από το χείλος, τη βάση και οι δύο λαβές του αγγείου.
Notebook Page:   287
Negatives:   Leica, 1-85, 1-92, 1-93, 3-103, 3-104, 3-105, 3-106, 3-118, 85-67, 85-69, 85-80, 85-81, XXXV-58, XXXV-59, color slide
PD Number:   PD 470, Ptg. 187, Ptg. 199, Ptg. 261, Ptg. 277
Dimensions:   Diam. (base) 0.089; H. 0.097; P.W. 0.217
Date:   2 July 1931
Section:   Α
Grid:   Α:28/Α
Elevation:   -4.60m.
Masl:   -4.6m.
Period:   Greek
Bibliography:   Lynch (2007a), p. 210, figs. 180A, B, C.
    AgoraPicBk 19 (1980), fig. 2.
    Bloesch (1940), p. 103, no. 1, pl. 29, 1 (B).
    Hesperia 2 (1933), pp. 216-224, figs. 1-4.
    ARV, p. 273, no. 1.
    ARV2, p. 415, no. 1.
    Agora XXX, no. 1422, pl. 133.
References:   Publication: Agora XXX
Publication: AgoraPicBk 19 (1980)
Publication: Hesperia 2 (1933)
Publication Pages (4)
Plans and Drawings (5)
Images (47)
Object: Agora XXX, no. 1422
Notebook: Α-2
Notebook Page: Α-2-48 (pp. 286-287)
Card: P 42
Card: P 42
Card: P 42