Agora Report: 2009 Excavations
Title:   Preliminary Report on the 2009 Excavation Season
Author:   John Camp
Abstract:   Excavations were conducted in four sections Γ, ΒΘ, ΒΗ and ΒΖ.
In Section Γ, the investigation of the Classical buildings south of the Tholos continued with the aim to find out if they were civil, commercial or domestic. Excavations this year clarified that the complex consists of three houses grouped around a central courtyard. A well in the courtyard was emptied, and the finds recovered indicate a domestic or commercial use of the buildings. The well is one of the earliest tile-lined wells found in the Agora, dating to the first half of the 4th century B.C.
In Section ΒΘ, excavations continued. At its west end the bottoms of the modern foundations were reached. In 16th century fills a pit with the remains of several horses were revealed. No architecture is associate with the fills which indicate that the area was a dumping ground outside of the inhabited area. Byzantine pottery started to emerge by the end of the season. No walls were reached but was seen in the scarps. In the eastern part of section ΒΘ, rubble walls of the 10th century A.D. were uncovered, presumably of modest houses. In the walls some good worked blocks of limestone and marble were reused, perhaps coming even from the Stoa Poikile which ΒΘ overlies. Various other features were found, such as pithoi and pits.
In section ΒΗ, most of the 10th century A.D. house walls were removed and more remains of the back wall and two interior columns of the Stoa Poikile were exposed. The rubble walls dividing the stoa into rooms were also removed. These rooms were built in the 5th and 6th centuries, and were probably used as shops. The building went out use in the late 6th century. Behind the back wall, two terracotta pipelines were uncovered. The lower one is temporary with the stoa (2nd quarter of the 5th century B.C.) and has also been traced further west.
In section ΒΖ, the exploration of the Classical Commercial Building continued. It became clear that it was a building with a least six adjacent rooms in a row opening on to the street in front. Most of the work was concentrated into two rooms. In one, while clearing the area of a presumed collapsed cistern, an intact Mycenaean alabastron was found indicating that the collapse is a Mycenaean chamber tomb. Two more pyres were uncovered within the building.
Date:   8 Jun-31 Jul 2009
Section:   ΒΗ
Grid:   K/2,L/13-2/20,4/2
Elevation:   50.226-55.695m.
Masl:   0-55.695m.
PDF:   2009 Excavations.pdf
References:   Report Pages (10)
Images (132)
Deposits (6)